The central bead is one I made on Murano, wooden centerpiece,
twisted bugle beads.
Turning Points in Medieval History
This brooch was made in Germany in 2016.
The church took over everyone’s lives in the Middle Ages, but gets unfairly vilified for this subjugation. It imposed a sort of rule of law in a chaotic time. There was serfdom, which offered some protections from invaders, but frequent starvation until three crop rotation and use of the framed yoke were introduced.